Back Button



c. 1830

SIGNED: 'Elliot 227 High Holborn London'

Serial Number: None



jones most improved scope in case Signed: 'WM Elliot 227 High Holborn London' on one of the 3 folding feet. The optical tube barrel has a tapered snout. There is rack and pinion focusing to the stage, and aquatic motion to the arm, the forward-backward motion having its tension adjustable by a round pressure-fitting. The stage has holes, one on each side, to accept stage forceps, bullseye condenser, or other similarly supported accessories. There are seven objectives, one of which is a Lieberkuhn; one objective with a screw-on cap is labelled inside the cap as '1/30.' This degree of magnification with an non-achromatic system would be almost meaningless, revealing more artifact than facts. The stage has a U-shaped fitting on pins which fit through the stage; this would hold slides or other items on the stage. The substage mirror is on a gimbal but fixed in position otherwise. The original case has a veneered exterior. There is a square-shaped crack in the top of the case which overlies a similarly shaped piece of wood in the inside of the lid. The lock has a shield-shaped escutcheon. The catches which hold the box closed are made of thick brass.

Jones most improved case outside view William and Samuel Jones became famous instrument makers of the early nineteenth century. Among their microscopes were simple botanical microscopes as well as more complex instruments. George Adams Jr devised his 'Universal Compound Microscope' from which the 'Jones Most Improved' was clearly derived. After devising the 'Jones Improved' microscope, W & S Jones then came out with the 'Jones Most-Improved' Microscope. It was sold in two sizes and this is the smaller version. In larger versions the mirror assembly could slide up or down, and other embellishments might include a rack and pinion forward and backward motion to the arm, and a crude substage condenser. Some models had a rotating wheel of objectives. It was a standard microscope of the preachromatic era, and even beyond, as in some cases they were adapted for achromatic objectives. Although an improvement over flimsier designs, this was still not the best design for critical high power work with achromatic optics however, and soon was replaced by Lister-limb and Bar-limb microscopes. William Elliot operated at this particular address for only a short time.